Futures studies (FS) is a scientific field whose concerns are to project the paths stand ahead to provide a better life, meet goals and optimize the exploitation of resources due to resource limitations. FS generally is divided into two main categories: prediction and foresight. Foresight includes qualitative and quantitative means for monitoring clues and indicators of evolving trends and developments.
Foresight does not aim to predict a predetermined future but explores how things might evolve in different ways. Foresight processes may take place in any kind of organization to orient long-term strategy building or to foster future-oriented attitudes.
In advanced organizations, there is an enthusiastic approach to foresight and they use it as a tool for their policy-making, because guides policymakers to identify strategies that shape the future by finding potential opportunities and also warns dangers. Technology foresight can be effective in removing the face of uncertainty in the complex relationship of knowledge production and the interactions of science, technology, society and economics with the alignment of the efforts of individuals in a common perspective. The growing importance of technology foresight is becoming more and more aware, and this new tool is becoming more and more widespread in policy-making and innovation.
Priorities can be made in science and technology using technology foresight, and can be used to guide rational decision-making and investment in technological priorities. Technology foresight research also seeks to strengthen and innovate systems through communication, collaboration, and networking among developers, manufacturers, and technology users, and identifies the need for better structures, rules, and infrastructure.