According to existing frameworks, there must be conditions for turning an achievement into an invention. Not every subject has the eligibility for patent and only certain subjects can be registered as a patent. Abstract achievements, such as scientific theories, natural discoveries, works of art, some computer programs, and inventions whose exploitation is contrary to the public order and good morals, are examples of unrecordable subjects. Furthermore, an achievement must meet three requirements in order to be registered and protected as an invention, which include the following:
- It must be innovative and no similar achievement has been reported.
- It must have an Inventive step.
- It must have industrial application.
Sometimes an achievement may have three conditions, but due to claims made in other inventions it can’t be registered and is not valid, it is necessary to review the relevant patents and their protection before applying for a patent. In general, the possibility of a grant being granted and costs without result can be avoided by examining the patentability of an invention.